Common Types of Dental Diseases

dental diseases

Different Dental Diseases of the Mouth

When it comes to your oral health, it is crucial to practice effective and proper oral care. When people become negligent of up keeping a healthy smile, they set themselves up for an endless list of problems in the long run. Carelessness of the mouth can lead to untreated dental diseases which can eventually turn into costly and time consuming procedures. Most of these diseases can be easily avoided through preventative dentistry such as maintaining proper and daily dental routines or frequent dental visits for checkups!

One of the most common and well-known dental diseases is periodontal disease or better known as gingivitis. This disease is usually caused by a bacterial infection and is characterized by the inflammation of the gums that it inhibits.  Like most cases, it can be easily prevented by way of consistent oral hygiene, but if left unchecked, it can cause the gums to recede from the teeth and even lead to tooth loss. According to the American Dental Association, this oral disease is a major leading cause to tooth loss.

The next disease is called Herpangina. It’s mostly common in children ages 3-10 and is an illness that is caused by a virus. This condition of the mouth is identifiable by small, blister-like ulcers that take place on the roof of the mouth and back of the throat. Some symptoms include neck pain, headache, loss of appetite, or swollen lymph glands. Doctors may recommend taking ibuprofen to ease the discomfort or possibly a topical anesthetic.

Dental caries is one of the common dental diseases out there. The disease is also referred to as tooth decay; the destruction of tooth enamel. There are two different types of dental caries with the first being categorized as “pit and fissure caries”. We use our back teeth most often for chewing so in turn, we can unintentionally trap plaque in the nooks and grooves of our teeth. Once the plaque is trapped it will, overtime, cause tooth decay. The second category is called “smooth surface caries”. These caries are found along the gumline hiding between small gaps between the teeth where plaque was formed. Both types of caries can be prevented via manual or power brushing using fluoride toothpaste and regularly flossing.


Like Dr. Ryan Wilgus on Facebook!


Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: