How To Prevent Tooth Decay

tooth decay

Prevention and Treatment of Tooth Decay and Cavities

With every little thing we put in our mouths every day, it is really no wonder that they are filled with bacteria. There are hundreds of bacteria that thrive in our gums, tongue, teeth, and other spots in our mouths. While some bacteria can be helpful, some can lead to tooth decay and cavities.

In order to prevent and treat tooth decay, it is important to understand the dynamics that occur in our mouths every day.  Whenever we consume food and drinks that contain sugar or starch, acids are produced. These acids weaken the tooth’s hard outer surface or enamel. Plaque, a colorless stick film of bacteria, keeps acids in contact with the teeth. Together, the plaque and these acids work together to deconstruct the enamel. The thinning the teeth’s outer surface forms holes called “cavities.”

Although it is more common among children, adults also experience this problem. The following may result to the decaying of teeth: irregular brushing and flossing, consumption of carbohydrates and sugar, lack of fluoride, dry mouth, diabetes, and smoking.

Everyone with teeth, including infants, may have cavities. The signs and symptoms may vary, depending on the degree and location. Most of the time, it is not noticeable at all. However, several symptoms may occur as the decay worsens. Signs of decay are: toothache, tooth sensitivity, visible holes in teeth, staining on the surface of a tooth, and pain when biting down. If cavities and decay become severe, individuals may suffer room frequent severe pain. The difficulty in chewing brought upon by this pain can lead to weight loss and other nutrition problems. Tooth loss resulted from weak teeth may also happen.

In order to avoid and prevent decay and cavity formation, good oral and dental hygiene must be practiced.

  • Brush twice a day after every meal using fluoride toothpaste. Clean tight spots with floss.
  • Rinse with fluoride mouthwash.
  • Cover the surface of teeth with dental sealants.
  • Avoid sugar and carbohydrates. Eat balanced meals and avoid frequent snacking.
  • Eat tooth-healthy food such as fruits and vegetables. Avoid food that gets stuck in the pits of the teeth.
  • Research about antibacterial treatments to prevent excessive oral bacteria.
  • Visit the dentist regularly.


Dr. Ryan Wilgus offers specialized general and cosmetic dental services to ensure the prevention and treatment of tooth decay. Maintain a healthy, beautiful, and cavity-free smile with regular dental checkups.

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